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First Regional Workshop

7 May 2002

Forestry and protected areas in Cambodia

Presented by Lic Vuthy, Forest and Wildlife Research Institute, Department of Forestry and Wildlife, MAFF

 

Introduction

Before 1970, 73% of the land area of Cambodia had forest cover, in 1997 58% had forest cover. Production forests are areas with forest concessions for logging, whereas logging is not permitted in protected areas.

Production forests in Cambodia

Wildlife sanctuaries

Multiple-use area

National parks

Water bodies

Protected landscape

Fishing areas

 

Ramsar site

 

Production forests

 

Forestry and the economy

High export earners for Cambodia are timber, fisheries and rubber.

80% of Cambodians rely on forests for NTFPs, timber and firewood.

 

Past challenges

Forest clearance during the Khmer Rouge regime (1975-1979). Following the Khmer Rouge regime there was a construction boom and great demand for housing materials (both city and rural areas). From 1980 to 1998 there was poor forest management due to security risks.

 

Forest reform

Forest concession management
Central management of Provincial Forestry Offices
Log bar codes

 

New Direction in Forest Concessions
  • Draft Law on Forestry
    • Prevent the loss of forests
    • Sustainable yield of forests
    • Code of practice for forest harvesting
    • Log tracking and chain-of-custody
  • Environmental management and protected sites

 

Protection and Concessions
  • Community Forestry Areas
    • Community Forestry Sub-Decree
    • Zones of protection
  • Protected area buffer zones to reduce intrusion and improve management
  • Biodiversity conservation within forest concession areas

 

Proposed Protected Forest Areas

Map of Cambodia showing proposed protected areas

Wildlife sanctuaries

National parks

Protected landscape

Multiple-use area

Water bodies

Fishing areas

 

Proposed

 

Graph showing the growth of protected areas in Cambodia

Important areas

Wildlife sanctuaries

National parks

Protected landscape

Multiple-use area

Water bodies

   

Critical

Acute

 

High

 

New protected areas
  • Gene pool conservation
    • Future economic return of genes
  • Wildlife conservation
  • Wildlife corridors (critical habitat mass)
  • Watershed protection
  • Regulation of water supply
  • Cultural sites

 

Constraints
  • Poverty
    • Fuel
    • Building materials
    • Food
  • Timber depletion in neighbouring countries
    • Increased pressure on Cambodian forests

 

Charcoal use

 

 

Map showing charcoal use by province

Number of households using charcoal in each province.

Protected areas
  28 - 75
  75 - 268
  268 - 624
  624 - 1257
  1257 - 1547
  1547 - 1776
  1776 - 2992
  2992 - 4118
  4118 - 8484
  8484 - 57607

 

Firewood use

 

 

Map showing charcoal use by province

Number of households using firewood in each province.

Protected areas
  28 - 75
  75 - 268
  268 - 624
  624 - 1257
  1257 - 1547
  1547 - 1776
  1776 - 2992
  2992 - 4118
  4118 - 8484
  8484 - 57607

 

Conclusion

  • Sustainable forest use
  • Gene pool conservation for future economic return
  • Protection as a key strategy of development



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