<img src="../images/logo.gif" width="70" height="70" vspace="5">

 

Hydropower development and protected areas in Lao PDR

Oudomsack Philavong, Lao National Mekong Committee Secretariat Prime Ministerís Office

Presented at:
The Lao PDR First National Round Table on 12 November 2001, and
The First Regional Workshop on 6/7 May 2002

 

Some basic facts about Lao PDR

Area:

236,800 km2

Population:

5.2 Million
80% living in rural area
2.9% annual growth
Life expectancy 52 years
10% infant mortality

Economy:

Resource-based
GNP per capita US$ 330
GNP annual growth 7%
62% of GNP from agriculture

 

Energy statistics

Consumption

Fuelwood 90%
Electricity 5%
Petroleum 5%

Electricity

Population access to electricity 30%
Domestic consumption 653 GWh
Per capita consumption 123 kWh
Export to Thailand 2682.5 GWh
Import from Thailand & Vietnam 161.5 GWh

 

Government policies on hydropower development

  • Earn foreign exchange to finance government economic and social programs.
  • Satisfy growth in domestic demand.
  • Extend electrification in rural area.
  • Maintain an affordable tariff to promote economic and social development.
  • Operate EdL on sound commercial principles.
  • Meet commitment of intergovernmental MOUs.
  • Co-operate with neighbouring countries in supplying border communities.
  • Reduce dependence on imported fuels for generation.

 

Categories of domestic tariffs

  • Residential (0-50, 51-100, 101-200, and >200 kWh)
  • Embassies, international organisations
  • Business
  • Entertainment
  • State offices
  • Agricultural
  • Industrial

 

Export/import patterns

  • Export and import with Thailand in TOU rates (Peak 18:00-21:00, Shoulder 7:30-18:00, Off peak 21:00-7:30)
  • Import from Vietnam in flat rate

 

Demand and forecast
Year
Energy Demand (GWh)
Peak demand (MW)
2000
730
142
2005
1,150
229
2010
1,793
352
2015
2,634
517
2020
3,870
759

 

Hydropower and protected areas

Lao PDR has great hydropower potential with an appropriate topography, a high precipitation rate and extensive forest cover. Hydropower and protected areas will be closely linked in future development options.

 

Large scale hydropower plants and protected areas

At present there is 620 MW installed capacity from 6 large scale hydropower plants. Nam Leuk Dam, linked to Phou Khaokhouay NPA, accounts for 60MW and Theun-Hinboun Dam, linked to Nakai-NamTheun NPA, accounts for 210 MW.

In the near future, Nam Theun 2 Dam will be located by Nakai-NamTheun NPA and Nam Mang Dam by Phou Khaokhouay NPA.


Small/micro hydropower plants

There are currenly 37 small and micro scale hydropower plants contributing 6,043 kW to the country. 11 in Houaphanh Province supply 706 kW of which 3 are in Nam Et - Phou Loei NPAs.


Hydropower levy for protected areas management

At present, annually 1% of electricity sale from Nam Leuk Dam contributes to Phou Khaokhouay watershed management. In the near future 1 million USD per year from Nam Theun 2 Project will be allocated for Nakai - Nam Theun NPA management.

 

^ TOP