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Vietnam

 

First national round table

14 September 2001

Ba Be National Park and Buffer Zone Management

Nong The Dien, Deputy Director of Ba Be National Park

A. INTRODUCTION

  1. Location of Ba Be National Park
  2. Fauna and flora
  3. Ba Be National Park population

B. CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS

  1. Insufficient awareness of conservation benefits and significance of biodiversity among local communities.
  2. Explosive fishing in Ba Be lake
  3. Fragmented habitats
  4. Poor infrastructure
  5. Weak conservation management skills
  6. Land encroachment from local people
  7. Soil erosion and sedimentation in Ba Be lake
  8. Situation of local people living inside Ba Be National Park
  9. Impacts of eco-tourism
A. Introduction

1. Location of Ba Be National Park in Vietnam

Location of Bac Can Province

 

 

Location of Ba Be National Park

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2. Fauna and flora

Composition of vertebrate animal species

Group Order Family Species Vietnam Red book
1. Mammal 07 23 65 22
2. Bird 17 47 140 06
3. Reptile 02 11 30 12
4. Amphibian 02 05 17 03
5. Fish     54 10
Total 28 86 306 53

 

Vegetation Composition

Phylum Family Genera Species
Lycopodiophyta 2 2 4
Gymnosperm 3 3 3
Angiosperm 97 278 384
Polypodiophyta 12 17 26
Total 114 300 417

 

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3. Ba Be National Park population

Commune Households Population No. of villages Households inside strictly protected areas Ethnic minorities
Nam Mau 444 2800 10 444
(2800 people)
H’Mong, Tay, Dzao, Kinh
Khang Ninh 635 3560 12 20 Tay, Dzao, Nung, Kinh
Cao Thuong 437 3144 13 0 H’Mong, Tay, Dzao, Kinh
Cao Tri 223 2234 6 0 Tay, Dzao, Nung, Kinh
Quang Khe 523 2986 10 60 H’Mong, Tay, Dzao
Hoang Tri 220 1221 6 0 H’Mong, Tay, Dzao
Dong Phuc 306 2573 12 0 H’Mong, Tay, Dzao
Nam Cuong 527 2698 10 0 Tay, Dzao, Kinh
Xuan Lac 394 2115 11 0 H’Mong, Tay, Dzao
Total 3709 23331 90 524
( 3200 people)
5 ethnic groups

 

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B: Conservation work in Ba Be National Park: Challenges and Solutions

1. Insufficient awareness of conservation benefits and significance of biodiversity among local communities

Challenges Solutions

1. Low literacy rate among population.

2. Lack of information.

3. Transportation difficulties.

4. Lack of interest in conservation.

Environmental education targeted at students, community groups and tourists.

Supply with information and communication equipment.

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2. Explosive fishing in Ba Be Lake

Challenges Solutions

1. Current situation: 1 - 2 cases a month.

Strengthen patrol and supervision on the lake and roads.

2. Lack of strong co-operation between local authority, police, forest rangers and community.

Continue to strengthen multi-branch task force, develop co-operation mechanisms between National Park and community for lake management.

3. No strict prosecution of violators.

Ensure strict prosecution of violators.

4. Low appreciation for education as a means of prevention.

Categorise violations in order to identify appropriate prevention measures - education or strict sanctions.

5. Local people do not dare identify violators.

Convince and encourage local people to identify violators.

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3. Habitat fragmentation

Status Solutions

See maps on:

Workshop on the development of co-operation mechanisms between Ba Be- Cho Don- Na Hang- Xuan Lac- Ban Thi Forests.

Workshop on management collaboration for Ba Be - Na Hang (corridor) and action plan.

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4. Poor infrastructure

Challenges Solutions

1. Only 5 temporary forest ranger guard posts.

Construction of permanent guard posts.

2. Lack of detailed operational plan.

Development of detailed operational plans.

3. Shortage of equipment.

Supply transportation and communication equipment: motorcycles, boats, mobile phones

4. Insufficient operational budget.

Submit budget proposal to the upper management level.

5. No information centre for propaganda and education.

Construction of information centre.

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5. Weak conservation management skills

Challenges Solutions

1. Poor contribution of low level management in planning.

Staff training.

2. No regular detailed biodiversity monitoring.

Develop unified formats for biodiversity monitoring and patrolling.

3. Forest patrol with single administrative characteristics only.

Bottom-up planning.

4. No detailed or concrete delineation of management boundaries.

Conservation management in every specific zone.

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6. Land encroachment

Challenges Solutions

1. Shortage of agricultural land: forest clearance for shifting cultivation, expand existing slope land areas (170 ha agriculture land available)

  • Start resource use planning for the National Park and surrounding areas.
  • Co-operate with District Agriculture and Rural Development office to promote agricultural development.

2. Shortage of forest resources: exploitation of forest products, medicinal plants, hunting for forest animals.

Number of forest violation cases in 2000:

  • Illegal exploitation of forest products: 34 cases;
  • Forest clearance for cultivation: 17 cases;
  • Illegal transportation of forest products: 110 cases;
  • Explosive fishing: 8 cases.

From January to August 2001

  • Explosive fishing: 2 cases;
  • Illegal exploitation of forest products: 46 cases.
  • Implement community forestry programme: establish forestry clubs.
  • Implement programme 661.
  • Integrate community forestry programme with programme 661 (Slam Bac areas).
  • Create income generation alternatives.
  • Intensification of agricultural production: increase from 1 to 2 crops, select new varieties having high productivity.
  • Implement gun exchange and management programmes.

3. Shifting cultivation and poverty.

  • Encourage stabilization of living and production areas.

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7. Soil erosion and sedimentation in Ba Be Lake

Challenges Solutions

1. Forest clearance for cultivation: unsustainable cultivation on slopes. Bare land and hills without forest occupy 60% of the forest land areas in the upper part of the watershed.

  • Reforestation, forest regeneration.
  • Encourage creation of hedgerows to prevent soil erosion on the slopes.

2. Sedimentation in Cho Leng river encroaches Ba Be lake at a rate of 15-20 m/year.

  • Integrate agro-forestry development.
  • Develop project proposals for sedimentation prevention and control.

3. Hidden blockages of the water current causing flooding in paddies and lake during the heavy rains.

 

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8. Presence of residents inside Ba Be National Park

Challenge Solution

1. Number of households increases: development demand.

Implement the state population planning and stabilisation programme and develop resettlement areas.

2. Large animal stocks.

Delineate areas for animal breeding .

3. Habitats for wild animals are under threat.

Encourage people to settle outside the National Park.

4. Negative impacts on forest plants and reforestation.

Create sources of income for local residents by participating in forest management and protection.

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9. Impact of eco-tourism

Challenges Solutions

1. Increase in visitors:
Year 2000: 21,000 visitors
First 6 months of 2001: 11,000 visitors

2. Visitors often collect plants, stones and carve on many objects.

3. Water pollution of the lake: many boats, lack of management plan.

4. No synchronised tourism management.

Strengthen co-operation, develop new visiting places for tourists.

Community participation in management: establishment of a boat management team, boatmen participate in tourist guidance.

Propaganda/communication: construct information boards, provide leaflets, propagate through mass information media.

Provide timely information on regulations, rules on tourism management and forest protection inside the National Park.

Raise awareness about (the role of) the National Park in schools, organisations and offices.

 

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