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Protected areas and development in Vietnam: Lessons learned


A series of 11 thematic and 4 country lessons papers has been produced, drawing on global experience in linking protected areas and key economic development sectors.

As part of this series, the draft Vietnam lessons paper reflects on recent experience in protected areas policy and management and how it relates to development in Vietnam. The paper draws on a number of sources, including background papers and presentations made at the first national roundtable meeting.

The paper outlines some of the basic features of the protected areas system, profiles institutional and policy changes over recent years and then examines some of the underlying issues that shape the way in which protected areas are perceived, established and managed in Vietnam. It reflects on recent achievements in protected areas thinking and planning, and examines what might be learned from these achievements. The paper also highlights some key challenges that must be addressed effectively if protected areas are to contribute to national well-being in its broadest sense - for example, through conserving biodiversity, protecting watersheds and coastal areas, providing resources for education and delivering economic benefits to those living in and around protected areas.

The paper does not review the protected areas system as a whole or specific experiences relating to management, institutional arrangements, financing mechanisms and education and awareness, except where these have important economic dimensions. Instead, it 'looks outwards' from protected areas to review their economic contributions at the local, provincial and national level, and the various achievements and challenges facing Vietnam if these contributions are to be protected and optimised.

The Vietnam lessons paper will soon be available in printed form in ICEM, 2003. Lessons learned in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam. Review of Protected Areas and Development in the Lower Mekong River Region, Indooroopilly, Queensland, Australia. 104 pp. ISBN: 0 975033 26 3

Download the Vietnam lessons paper in PDF [240 KB]

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. The protected areas system
  3. Trends: policy, decentralisation and institutional responsibilities
  4. Issues, achievements and challenges
  5. Conclusion
  6. References
  7. Annex 1: A brief chronology of the protected areas system
  8. Annex 2: Laws, regulations, decrees and official government decisions regarding
    the management of Special-use Forests